Biography: Albert Camus was a French philosopher and author, known for being awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times".
Camus wrote a number of well-known and important books, particularly The Stranger (1942), The Plague (1947), and The Myth of Sisyphus (1942).
The latter, which concerns the Greek mythological character of Sisyphus who is doomed to roll a rock uphill anew everyday, was a representation of the human condition. Camus concluded that we "must imagine Sisyphus happy".
He was also author of non-fiction, essays, and stage plays. During World War II, Camus joined the French Resistance and served as editor-in-chief of their illicit newspaper, called Combat.
Some feel Camus' views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism, which he regretted; while others consider them more in common with the existential philosophers.
he died in car crash returning from a holiday with his publisher and family.
- 1940-12-03 French author and future Nobel laureate Albert Camus (27) weds French pianist and mathematician Francine Faure (25) in Lyon, France
- 1948-10-27 Albert Camus' play "The State of Siege (L'État de siège)" premieres in Paris
- 1949-12-15 Albert Camus' play "The Just Assassins (Les Justes)" premieres in Paris
- 1957-10-17 French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature
- "Too many have dispensed with generosity in order to practice charity."