Profession: British Prime Minister
Why Famous: Alec Douglas-Home became Prime Minister unexpectedly in 1963 when Harold Macmillan resigned in the wake of the Profumo affair.
To do this Douglas-Home, then sitting in the House of Lords, had to reject his peerage and win a by-election in order to enter the House of Commons.
However Douglas-Home was only leader for 363 days, losing the General election to Harold Wilson's Labour Party in 1964. He later served as Foreign Secretary under Edward Heath's government 1970-74.
His major achievement as Prime Minister was the abolition of resale price maintenance.
- 1963-10-09 British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan resigns and is replaced by Alec Douglas-Home
- 1963-10-20 Alec Douglas-Home forms British government
- 1965-07-22 Edward Heath succeeds Alec Douglas-Home as leader of the British Conservative party