Profession: Tsarevich of Russia
Why Famous: Alexei was the last Tsarevich of Russia, the heir to the Russian throne. His father, Nicholas II, was the last Tsar.
He famously had hemophilia, which directly contributed to the downfall of the Russian monarchy. His mother's reliance on the mystic Grigori Rasputin to heal the Tsarevich led to various salacious rumors about Rasputin's influence on the monarchy and the royal family. These helped discredit the institution, especially during World War I.
Ultimately Alexei was taken into custody with the rest of his family following the 1917 Russian Revolution and executed shortly before his fourteenth birthday on 17 July 1918.
- 1918-07-17 The Romanov royal family and several of their retainers are executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in the basement of Ipatiev House, in Yekaterinburg, Siberia
- 2008-04-30 Two skeletal remains found near Ekaterinburg, Russia, were confirmed by Russian scientists to be the remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia and one of his sisters