Why Famous: The inventor of dynamite. He also owned Bofors, which he had redirected from its previous role as primarily an iron and steel producer to a major manufacturer of cannon and other armaments. His fortune was used posthumously to institute the Nobel Prizes, and the synthetic element nobelium was named after him.
- 1867-11-25 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel patents dynamite
- 1895-11-27 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize
- 1926-11-18 George Bernard Shaw accepts the Nobel Prize for Literature but refuses the prize money, saying "I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."