Full Name: Velikaya Knyazhna Anastasiya Nikolayevna Romanova
Profession: Grand Duchess of Russia
Why Famous: The youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, the last sovereign of Imperial Russia. She was executed with her family in an extrajudicial killing by members of the Cheka, the Bolshevik secret police, in 1918. Rumors of her possible escape circulated after her death, but her possible survival has been conclusively disproved.