Full Name: Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov
Profession: Chess Grandmaster
Biography: Anatoly Karpov became a grandmaster in 1970 after attending Mikhail Botvinnik's chess school and winning a series of tournament as a teenager including the 1969 World Junior Championship.
In 1974 he won the Candidates Matches tournament allowing him to challenge world champion Bobby Fischer. Fischer refused to play by the agreed terms and forfeited his title. In 1975 Karpov was named world champion without playing a match. Karpov went on to prove his world No. 1 status, defending his title in 1978 and 1981.
Karpov's rivalry with fellow Russian Garry Kasparov began at the 1984 World Chess Championships. Their match lasted a record five months before it was called off. At their rematch Karpov lost the final game to lose the title. Karpov and Kasparov met again in 1986, 1987, and 1990 with Kasparoiv winning by a narrow margin each time.
In 1993 Karpov regained the world title after Kasparov refused to play to FIDE conditions, defending it in 1996 and 1998. He resigned from the title in 1999, preferring to concentrate on rapid chess events and exhibitions.
- 1975-04-03 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it, title awarded to Russian Anatoly Karpov
- 1981-11-20 Russian Anatoly Karpov retains world chess championship
- 1985-02-15 World chess championship match abandoned with Anatoly Karpov 25 leading Gary Kasparov 23
- 1985-11-09 Garry Kasparov becomes the youngest ever world chess champion (22), with a 13-11 win over fellow Russian Anatoly Karpov
- 1990-12-26 Garry Kasparov defeats fellow Russian Anatoly Karpov to retain the world chess championship
- 1998-01-09 Anatoly Karpov defeats Viswanathan Anand to retain chess title