Profession: Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Why Famous: Renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a codename for Soviet development of thermonuclear weapons.
Sakharov was an advocate of civil liberties and civil reforms in the Soviet Union. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975.
- 1970-11-04 Russian nuclear physicist Andrei Sakharov forms Human Rights Committee
- 1975-10-09 Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize
- 1975-12-10 Andrei Sakharov's wife Yelena Bonner, accepts his Nobel Peace Prize
- 1980-01-22 Russian dissidents Andrei Sakharov and Yelena Bonner arrested in Moscow and banished to Gorky
- 1986-12-19 USSR frees dissident Andrei Sakharov from internal exile