Andrei Sakharov

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov

Profession: Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident

Soviet Union

Biography: Renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a codename for Soviet development of thermonuclear weapons.

Sakharov was an advocate of civil liberties and civil reforms in the Soviet Union. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975.

Born: May 21, 1921
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Rooster
Star Sign: Gemini

Died: December 14, 1989 (aged 68)
Cause of Death: Heart attack

Historical Events

  • 1970-11-04 Russian nuclear physicist Andrei Sakharov forms Human Rights Committee
  • 1975-10-09 Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1975-12-10 Andrei Sakharov's wife Yelena Bonner, accepts his Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1980-01-22 Russian dissidents Andrei Sakharov and Yelena Bonner arrested in Moscow and banished to Gorky
  • 1986-12-19 USSR frees dissident Andrei Sakharov from internal exile

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