Profession: 17th US President
Political Party: Democratic
Political Titles: Vice President, Governor of Tennessee
Why Famous: Johnson became President after Lincoln's assassination in 1865. Johnson's presidency began the period of Reconstruction in the South, after the Confederacy was defeated and restored to the Union.
Johnson's term in office was marked with significant conflicts with Congress, especially when Southern states passed the Black Codes to deprive former slaves of liberties and Congress introduced legislation to override them. Johnson vetoed these bills.
Constitutionally, Johnson opposed the Fourteenth Amendment, which would give citizenship to former slaves. Conflicts between the branches of government grew, and Congress passed laws to restrict his ability to fire cabinet members. After he tried to dismiss Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, he was impeached by the House of Representatives and acquitted by the Senate - one of only two presidents to undergo these proceedings, along with Bill Clinton.
His opposition to rights for African Americans in the aftermath of the Civil War is widely criticized and he is generally regarded as one of the worst presidents in American history.
- 1827-05-17 US President Andrew Johnson (18) weds Eliza McCardle (16) in Warrenton, Tennessee
- 1865-05-02 US President Andrew Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis
- 1865-05-09 President Andrew Johnson issues a proclamation declaring armed resistance in the South is virtually at an end; this is the commonly accepted end date of the American Civil War
- 1865-06-13 President Andrew Johnson proclaims reconstruction of confederate states
- 1865-08-20 President Andrew Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Texas
- 1865-10-11 President Andrew Johnson paroles Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
- 1866-03-27 US President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment
- 1866-04-02 US President Andrew Johnson ends civil war in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee & Virginia
- 1866-04-09 Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto
- 1866-08-20 President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over
- 1867-01-08 African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson's veto
- 1867-03-23 Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto
- 1867-06-20 US President Andrew Johnson announces the Alaska Purchase
- 1867-07-19 US Congress passes 3rd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto
- 1867-08-12 US President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
- 1867-11-25 US Congress commission looks into "impeachment" of President Andrew Johnson
- 1868-02-24 US House of Representatives vote 126 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson
- 1868-03-13 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial
- 1868-05-16 US Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson by one vote
- 1868-12-25 Despite bitter opposition, US President Andrew Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)