Profession: Croatian Fascist Leader
Why Famous: Pavelić founded the fascist ultra-nationalist organization Ustaše in Croatia in 1929. In this capacity he was allied with Nazi Germany, and when they invaded Croatia in 1941, he was selected to lead the puppet government called the Independent State of Croatia.
During his rule, the government murdered hundreds of thousands of Serbs, Jews, Romani and anti-fascist Croats, utilizing concentration and extermination camps such as Jasenovac. After the war he escaped to Austria, then Argentina, where he was shot several times in an assassination attempt. He died of those wounds two years later in Spain.