Why Famous: As a prominent Russian short-story writer, novelist, and playwright of the modern era.
His most famous plays, "The Sea Gull", "Uncle Vanya", "The Three Sisters" and "The Cherry Orchard" were influential commentaries on Russian society that flouted the stage conventions of the nineteenth-century and changed the nature of theater.
- 1901-05-25 Anton Chekhov (41), Russian physician, dramatist and author marries actress Olga Knipper (31)
- 1901-01-31 Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater
- 1904-01-17 Anton Chekhov's play "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater
- "Only during hard times do people come to understand how difficult it is to be master of their feelings and thoughts."