On This Day

Anwar Sadat

President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat

Profession: President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate

Nationality:
Egypt
Egyptian

Why Famous: Served as Gamal Abdel Nasser's Vice President but quickly changed Egypt's trajectory on becoming President by re-instituting a multi-party system, the Infitah economic policy, and fighting then negotiating with Israel.

Sadat led Egypt in the Yom Kippur War of 1973 to regain the Sinai Peninsula, which Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967. This made him a hero in Egypt and the wider Arab World.

After the war he engaged in negotiations with Israel and the United States that culminated in the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty. Popular in Egypt but unpopular in the Arab world the treaty saw Egypt regain the Sinai Peninsula and its suspension from the Arab League.

The peace treaty led to Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin winning the Nobel Peace Prize, making Sadat the first Muslim Nobel laureate. Sadly it also led to the his Assassination in 1981.

Born: December 25, 1918
Birthplace: Monufia, Egypt

Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Horse
Star Sign: Capricorn

Died: October 6, 1981 (aged 62)
Cause of Death: Assassinated by fundamentalist army officers

Articles and Photos

Married Life

  • 1949-05-29 President of Egypt Anwar Sadat (30) weds human rights activist Jehan Raouf (16) in Egypt

Historical Events


Famous Nobel Laureates