Biography: New Zealand-born plastic surgeon Archibald McIndoe spent his early career working at the Mayo clinic in the US and under his own cousin Harold Gillies, who had developed pioneering techniques for treating soldiers during World War One. At the outbreak of WWII he opened a the Centre for Plastic and Jaw Surgery at Queen Victoria Hospital in East Grinstead, Sussex. There he devised innovative treatments for airmen with serious burns and disfigurements.
McIndoe also encouraged his patients rehabilitation and integration back into society, by urging them to form their own a Guinea Pig Club and joining in with their social events.
McIndoe was knighted in 1947 for his work. Later in life he was one of the founders of the British Association of Plastic Surgeons (BAPS) and would serve as its President. He died of a heart attack in 1960 aged 59.
- 1939-09-04 Surgeon Archibald McIndoe sets up new Centre for Plastic and Jaw Surgery at Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, England to treat injured airmen
- 1941-07-20 The Guinea Pig Club forms, made of severely injured airmen treated by Archibald McIndoe at Queen Victoria Hospital, East Grinstead, England
- Archibald McIndoe - No Ordinary Surgeon - NZ Edge
- Archibald McIndoe Biography - New Zealand History
- The Guinea Pig Club - East Grinstead Museum