Profession: Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin
Biography: Griffith was an Irish writer that was heavily involved in the Irish independence movement. He founded the political party Sinn Féin ("[We] Ourselves") in 1905.
While Griffith was not involved in the 1916 Easter Rising, he was arrested afterwards; from there he put effort into growing Sinn Féin, which came to play a major role in Irish politics.
When Sinn Féin won a major electoral victory in 1918, they refused to participate in the Westminster government and instead established their own parliament: the Dáil Éireann. Here Griffith served as Minister for Home Affairs from 1919–1921 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1921–1922.
As chairman of the Irish delegation, Griffith signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty which established Ireland as a free state—but not as a republic. This precipitated the split which brought about the Irish Civil War—of which Griffith himself saw little, dying in the first few months.
- 1900-09-01 Cumann na nGaedheal (Irish Council) founded by Arthur Griffith in order to promote a buy Irish campaign
- 1905-11-28 Arthur Griffith forms Sinn Féin in Dublin
- 1922-01-15 Arthur Griffith is elected president of the Irish Free State after Eamon de Valera resigns in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty (De Valera will lead a military opposition seeking a unified and independent Ireland)