Profession: 1st Governor of New South Wales
Why Famous: Arthur Philip led the First Fleet to Australia and founded the penal colony at Port Jackson, later the city of Sydney, in 1788.
Arthur Philip served as the colony's first Governor during its first difficult years until 1792. He is remembered for his enlightened attitudes towards the indigenous Aboriginal people and for his efforts to avoid famine and ensure supplies reached the struggling colony.
- 1787-05-13 Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay, Australia
- 1788-01-26 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day