Profession: 1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Why Famous: Commonly known as the Duke of Wellington, Wellesley was a leading military and political figure of the 19th century. His defeat of Napoleon in 1815 at Waterloo made him a heroic national figure and top military hero in British history.
He was less successful as prime minister, though he did pass the Catholic Relief Act of 1829. He served two terms - between 1828 and 1830, and for one month in 1834.
- 1808-08-21 Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.
- 1812-01-19 Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo