Full Name: Benjamin Franklin Butler
Profession: Union General and US Governor
Biography: Benjamin Butler was an American politician who served as a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War and as the 33rd Governor of Massachusetts.
Butler was a lawyer who represented the city of Boston in the Massachusetts legislature before the war. He was a staunch opponent of slavery and an early advocate for women's rights.
Butler served in the Union Army during the Civil War, commanding troops in several major battles. He is best known for his controversial decision to allow escaped slaves to serve in the Union Army.
After the war, Butler returned to Massachusetts and was elected governor. He served one term before being defeated in his re-election bid.
Butler remained active in politics and was a vocal critic of the Reconstruction policies of the federal government. He also spoke out against corruption in the government and was a leading figure in the impeachment proceedings against President Andrew Johnson.
- 1861-05-24 Union Major General Benjamin Butler declares slaves "contraband of war"
- 1862-05-01 Major General Benjamin Butler's Union forces complete the occupation of New Orleans, after facing no resistance
- 1862-05-15 Major General Benjamin Butler issues order (New Orleans) that Confederate women abusing Union soldiers be treated as whores
- 1862-06-07 Union General Benjamin Butler orders William Mumford hanged after he removed and destroyed US flag on display over New Orleans Mint