Why Famous: One of the foremost philosophers of the 20th century, Russell revolted against the idea of British idealism and became a founding father of analytic philosophy. His interests expanded on many subjects and his work influenced mathematics, logic, set theory, linguistics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science and philosophy.
A prominent anti-war activist, Russell was imprisoned during World War I for his pacifism, though concluded that war against Nazi Germany was the 'lesser of two evils'. In 1950 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
- 1955-07-09 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London on the need to avoid nuclear war
- "Every advance in civilization has been denounced as unnatural while it was recent."