On This Day

Bobby Fischer

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer

Profession: Chess Champion

United States of America

Biography: Youngest grandmaster and the youngest candidate ever for the World Championship. At the age of 20 he won the 1963–64 U.S. Championship with 11/11, the only perfect score in the history of the tournament.

Born: March 9, 1943
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, USA

Generation: Silent Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Goat/Sheep
Star Sign: Pisces

Died: January 17, 2008 (aged 64)
Cause of Death: Renal failure

Historical Events

  • 1956-10-17 Chess "Game of the Century": 13-year-old Bobby Fischer defeats 1953 U.S. Champion Donald Byrne in the Rosenwald Memorial Tournament at the Marshall Chess Club in New York City
  • 1972-09-01 American chess grandmaster Bobby Fischer beats Russian champion Boris Spassky 12.5-8.5 in Reykjavik, Iceland; most publicised world title match ever played; Fischer 1st American to win title
  • 1975-04-03 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it, title awarded to Russian Anatoly Karpov
  • 1992-11-05 "Revenge Match of the 20th century" American chess grandmaster Bobby Fischer defeats Russian Boris Spassky to win an unofficial match in Belgrade

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