On This Day

Boris Yeltsin

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
mark reinstein / Shutterstock.com

Profession: Russian President


Biography: Yeltsin served as the first President of Russia from 1991-1998. During the Soviet era Yeltsin served as the head of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, before coming to national prominence by opposing the communist coup attempt in August 1991, during the collapse of the Soviet Union.

He oversaw the privatization of Russia's formerly communist economy in his term. His use of 'shock therapy' economics led to an economic collapse, a drastic reduction in living standards, rampant crime, corruption and gigantic wealth inequality that followed the rise of the Russian oligarchs who controlled vast sectors of the economy.

Yeltsin resigned in 1999 in favor of his chosen successor, Vladimir Putin.

Born: February 1, 1931
Birthplace: Butka, Russia

Generation: Silent Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Horse
Star Sign: Aquarius

Died: April 23, 2007 (aged 76)
Cause of Death: Congestive heart failure

Married Life

  • 1956-09-28 Russian President Boris Yeltsin (25) weds Naina Girina (24)

Historical Events

  • 1990-05-29 Boris Yeltsin is elected President of the Russian Republic
  • 1990-07-12 Boris Yeltsin quits the Soviet Communist Party
  • 1991-06-12 Boris Yeltsin wins Russia's first presidential election with 57% of the vote
  • 1991-06-18 Boris Yeltsin, President of Russia, arrives in US
  • 1991-07-10 Boris Yeltsin sworn in as 1st elected President of the Russian Federation
  • 1991-08-21 Conservative coup in the Soviet Union is crushed by popular resistance led by Boris Yeltsin in three days
  • 1991-11-06 Russian President Boris Yeltsin outlaws the Communist Party
  • 1991-12-19 Boris Yeltsin takes control of the Kremlin
  • 1993-01-03 In Moscow, the Start II arms reduction treaty is signed by George H. W. Bush (USA) and Boris Yeltsin (Russia)
  • 1993-04-25 Russia elects Boris Yeltsin leader
  • 1993-09-22 Supreme Soviet dismisses President Boris Yeltsin
  • 1993-10-03 Boris Yeltsin declares state of emergency in Moscow
  • 1993-10-04 Troops and tanks of President Boris Yeltsin shell and occupy the Russian White House in Moscow, the house of government of the Russian Federation
  • 1997-05-27 Russian President Boris Yeltsin signs a historic treaty with NATO
  • 1999-08-09 Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.
  • 1999-12-31 Boris Yeltsin resigns as President of Russia, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as acting President
  • 2007-04-25 Boris Yeltsin's funeral, the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Tsar Alexander III in 1894

Famous Russians