Why Famous: Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who frequently interacted with Sigmund Freud, with Freud seeing in him an heir until their views later diverged. Jung was dissatisfied with the sexual reductivism that characterised Freud and sought to broaden the unconscious to equally include cultural and ancestral aspects. He also took a wider view of the contents of the unconscious, which Freud saw as mainly comprised of repressed desires; whereas Jung thought this was unnecessarily negative and static, where it ought to be multidimensional and dynamic.
Jung is perhaps primarily known for his concept of the collective unconscious. Archetypes are an important aspect of this, whereby ancestral narratives are given personified forms in characters such as Hercules and other such mythological heroes. These ideas have been developed by Joseph Campbell, especially in his 'The Hero with a Thousand Faces'—which traces this character's journey across cultures and between various mythological renderings; and more recently, have been a major influence in the work of Canadian psychologist Jordan Peterson.
- 1903-02-14 Psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (27) weds Emma Rauschenbach (20)
- 1907-02-27 Psychiatrists Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud meet for the first time in Vienna
- 2009-10-07 A digital version of psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung's 'Red Book' is published 48 years after his death and contains personal notes on his subconscious during the period in which he developed his principal theories
- "Show me a sane man and I will cure him for you."
- "Every development worth having involves the loss of something which was worth keeping."