Profession: General and Colonial Administrator
Why Famous: One of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence, his surrender at Yorktown to a French and British force essentially ended major combat operations and paved the way for peace, and eventually independence for the United States.
He later became the Governor-General of India and the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
- 1781-10-17 British General Charles Cornwallis, head of British forces capitulates at Yorktown
- 1781-10-19 British forces under General Charles Cornwallis sign terms of surrender to George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends
- 1786-02-24 Charles Cornwallis appointed governor-general of India