Biography: Napier was a British military officer that served in the Peninsular War against Napoleon Bonaparte, later he led the Bombay Army in the conquest of the Sindh. Finally he served as Governor of Sindh and Commander-in-Chief in India.
During the Peninsular War in Iberia, Napier commanded a regiment which fought against Napoleon Bonaparte. During the Battle of Corunna, Napier was wounded and left for dead only to be rescued near-death by the French and taken as a prisoner of war. Later he volunteered to return to the Iberian Peninsula in 1810, when he fought against Napoleon again in several battles.
At age 60, Napier was appointed Major General in charge of an army in Bombay. This involvement led him to the Sindh Province, where he was to put down an insurrection by Muslim rulers who continued to resist the British.
While Napier was only ordered to quell the rebels, he exceeded this by conquering the entire territory. This has entered history with the claim that Napier reported this by way of a pun: the Latin 'Peccavi,' which translates to "I have Sindh/sinned."
- 1839-10-10 British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut
- 1843-02-17 Battle of Miani: Bombay Army of the East India Company led by Charles Napier defeats a Baluch army of Talpur Emirs of Sindh led by Mir Nasir Khan Talpur. Leading to the capture of parts of Sindh, the company's first possession in modern-day Pakistan.