On This Day

Charles V

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V

Profession: Holy Roman Emperor


Why Famous: Charles V ruled over a vast territory that extended from the German low countries to the borders of the Ottoman empire, Spain, Italy and to the new expanding territories in central and south America.

Charles V became the Duke of Burgundy in 1506, King of Castile and Aragon through his mother in 1516, then the Habsburg crown in 1519. He was elected Holy Roman Emperor the same year and in 1530 was crowned by the Pope.

Charles V rule was marked by conflict; with France, his forces captured Francis I at the Battle of Pavia in 1525; with the encroaching Ottoman Empire under Suleiman the Magnificent in Eastern Europe; and against the Protestant reformation in the low countries.

In appearance Charles V had a deformed lower jaw, a characteristic of many of the Habsburgs and in later life suffered from gout.

From 1554 Charles V abdicated his empire, giving over control to his son Philip II and brother Ferdinand I, retiring to a Spanish monastery where he died in 1558.

Born: February 24, 1500
Birthplace: Ghent, Flanders, Habsburg Netherlands
Star Sign: Pisces

Died: September 21, 1558 (aged 58)

Married Life

  • 1526-03-10 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V marries Princess Isabella of Portugal, his 1st cousin, in Seville

Historical Events

  • 1519-06-28 King Carlos I elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles V
  • 1520-07-10 King Charles V France and King Henry VIII of England sign Treaty of Calais
  • 1520-10-23 King Carlos I crowned German emperor Charles V
  • 1521-01-28 Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms in Worms, Germany which lasts until May 25th; Produced the "Edict of Worms" which denounced Martin Luther
  • 1521-05-28 Pope Leo X signs treaty with Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
  • 1521-10-25 Emperor Charles V bans wooden buildings in Amsterdam
  • 1522-04-29 Emperor Charles V names Frans van Holly inquisitor-general of Netherlands
  • 1522-05-25 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 1524-08-19 Emperor Charles V's troops besiege Marseille, France

  • 1525-02-24 Battle of Pavia: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V's troops beat the French. French King Francois I captured, 15,000 killed or wounded
  • 1526-01-14 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders
  • 1527-04-30 Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France sign the Treaty of Westminster, pledging to combine their forces against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in attempt to win War of the League of Cognac
  • 1527-06-07 Pope Clement VII surrenders to Emperor Charles V's armies
  • 1528-01-22 England & France declare war on Emperor Charles V
  • 1528-10-20 Treaty of Gorinchem signed between Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Duke Charles of Guelders
  • 1530-02-24 1st imperial coronation by a Pope, Charles V crowned by Clement V
  • 1530-06-25 The Augsburg Confession where Germany's Protestant princes force Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to hear their Confession of Faith
  • 1530-11-19 The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes
  • 1531-06-09 Pope Clemens VII and Francois I sign secret treaty against the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
  • 1532-06-23 Henry VIII of England & Francois I of France sign secret treaty against Emperor Charles V
  • 1532-07-23 Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg
  • 1534-10-26 Charles V names Joris of Egmont as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1535-06-14 Emperor Charles V's fleet sails under Andrea Doria to Tunis
  • 1535-07-14 Emperor Charles V conquers Tunis
  • 1538-06-18 Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V & King French I
  • 1540-02-14 Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels
  • 1543-02-11 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and English King Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant
  • 1543-08-22 Emperor Charles V's army occupies Duren
  • 1543-09-07 Duke Willem of Gulik surrenders to emperor Charles V

  • 1543-09-12 Treaty of Venlo signed by Duke Willem of Gulik and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V during Italian Wars
  • 1544-05-23 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V recognizes King Christian III of Denmark
  • 1544-09-18 Peace of CrĂ©py signed by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V & French King Francis I ending the Fourth Hapsburg-Valois War
  • 1547-04-24 Battle of Muhlberg: Catholic forces under Emperor Charles V defeat Protestant princes John Frederick I and Philip I of Hesse
  • 1548-06-30 Augsburg Interim issued by Charles V becomes law - orders Lutherans to return to Catholic practices with some concessions
  • 1550-04-29 Emperor Charles V gives inquisiters additional authority
  • 1552-08-02 Treaty of Passau: Emperor Charles V accepts Lutheran religion
  • 1555-10-21 Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt earl of Culemborg
  • 1556-01-16 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V appoints his son Philip II, King of Spain
  • 1556-09-13 Charles V & Maria of Hungary march into Spain
  • 1556-09-15 Vlissingen ex-emperor Charles V returns to Spain
  • 1558-12-29 Charles V, King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, buried in El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain

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