On This Day

Charles XII

King of Sweden Charles XII

Profession: King of Sweden


Why Famous: Charles assumed power as King of Sweden in 1697 when he was only 15 years old.

Three years later, in 1700, an alliance of European states (Denmark–Norway, Saxony–Poland–Lithuania, and Russia) set upon the Swedish state in what would become known as the Great Northern War. The hope was to tear apart Sweden while its ruler was inexperienced and isolated.

Unfortunately for them, Charles proved to be a skilled tactician that quickly forced his enemies into submission. Despite this, he overextended himself in a subsequent march on Moscow and ended up exiled in the Ottoman Empire.

When he returned to lead an assault on Norway, his two campaigns were frustrated and ended in failure when, in 1718, he died at the Siege of Frederiksten.

Born: June 17, 1682
Birthplace: Tre Kronor, Stockholm, Sweden
Star Sign: Gemini

Died: December 11, 1718 (aged 36)
Cause of Death: Shot dead invading Norway at the Fortress of Fredriksten

Historical Events

  • 1697-04-15 Charles XII succeeds Charles XI as King of Sweden
  • 1700-11-30 Battle at Narva: Swedish force of King Charles XII defeats Russian army [NS]
  • 1702-05-14 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Warsaw
  • 1702-07-19 Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Krakow
  • 1706-09-24 Treaty of Altranstädt: Charles XII of Sweden & August II of Saksen
  • 1708-07-04 Battle of Holowczyn: Swedish King Charles XII defeats superior Russian force in surprising vctory
  • 1708-09-11 Great Northern war: Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the war
  • 1709-06-27 Peter the Great of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava, Charles goes into exile
  • 1713-02-01 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
  • 1868-11-30 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm

Famous Kings