Profession: 21st US President
Political Party: Republican Political Titles: Vice President
Why Famous: The 21st President of the United States (1881–85). Prior to becoming president, Arthur had a long involvement with New York Republican politics, and became James Garfield's vice presidential nominee to balance the ticket. After a year-and-a-half he became president after Garfield was assassinated.
Arthur's one term presidency is mainly remember for his advocacy of civil service reform. This took the shape of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act, which he strongly enforced, and which became the centerpiece of his administration. In military matters he oversaw the rebirth of the US Navy.
By the time of the 1884 presidential election, he had already decided against a second term, but put up a token effort for the nomination rather than drop out. In any case the Republicans lost the election and Arthur was succeeded by Democrat candidate Grover Cleveland.
Though he was widely praised in his time for his reforms, Arthur's presence largely faded from popular memory over time.
- 1859-10-25 US President Chester A. Arthur (30) weds Ellen Herndon (22) at Calvary Episcopal Church in NYC, New York
- 1881-09-20 Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president
- 1883-05-24 Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur and NY Governor Cleveland