Full Name: Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton
Profession: Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian
Why Famous: Pioneering nurse who founded the American Red Cross.
A hospital nurse during the American Civil War, Barton was largely self-taught and is noteworthy for doing humanitarian work at a time when relatively few women worked outside the home.
In 1973, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.
- 1881-05-21 American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton