On This Day

Cluny MacPherson

Doctor Cluny MacPherson

Profession: Doctor


Biography: Inventor of the gas mask. The invention was the most important protective device of the First World War, protecting countless soldiers from blindness, disfigurement or injury to their throats and lungs.

Gas masks are still worn by millions of soldiers around the world today.

Born: March 18, 1879
Birthplace: St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada
Star Sign: Pisces

Died: November 16, 1966 (aged 87)

Historical Events

  • 1915-05-10 Canadian physician Cluny Macpherson first presents his gas mask invention to the British War Office

Famous Canadians