On This Day

Eduard Wirths

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths

Profession: Nazi Physician


Biography: Chief SS doctor (SS-Standortarzt) at the Auschwitz concentration camp from September 1942 to January 1945.

Born: September 4, 1909
Birthplace: Würzburg, Germany

Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Rooster
Star Sign: Virgo

Died: September 20, 1945 (aged 36)
Cause of Death: Suicide

Historical Events

  • 1940-06-14 Auschwitz concentration and extermination camp opens in Nazi controlled Poland with Polish POWs, later expanded to include civilian Jews and gypsies (approx. 3 million would die within its walls)
  • 1942-10-05 Budy Massacre at Auschwitz sub-camp, 90 French-Jewish women beaten to death by prison guards
  • 1942-11-11 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz
  • 1943-01-24 Jewish patients, nurses and doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • 1943-08-18 Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrives at Auschwitz
  • 1943-09-07 987 Dutch Jewish transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • 1944-03-27 1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 1944-04-13 Transport #71 departs Drancy (France) internment camp, taking 1,500 French Jews to Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi German occupied Poland; an estimated 91 survived
  • 1944-04-14 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • 1944-05-15 14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz
  • 1944-05-16 1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
  • 1944-05-19 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands, including Sinti girl Settela Steinbach famously filmed by Jewish photographer Rudolf Breslauer
  • 1944-06-20 Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
  • 1944-07-31 Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
  • 1944-08-03 Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies
  • 1944-08-06 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
  • 1944-09-03 68th and last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) from Westerbork leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 1944-10-07 Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums
  • 1944-11-26 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz & Birkenau crematoria
  • 1945-01-17 Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
  • 1945-01-26 Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 1945-01-27 Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland

Biographies and Sources

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