Profession: British Prime Minister
Why Famous: Heath served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974, and was leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975 when he was replaced by Margaret Thatcher.
His government introduced several changes to British society. In 1971 Britain decimalised the pound sterling and in 1972 he introduced reforms to the system of local government. His most significant act was to negotiate and enter Britain into the European Economic Community, the forerunner to the European Union, in 1973.
Heath also served at the height of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, when the government in Belfast collapsed and the British imposed direct rule. Heath also dealt with a deterioration in industrial relations. Miners strikes in 1972 and 1974 damaged the government and in February 1974 called a snap election which resulted in a hung parliament. A second election in October was lost by Heath and he was subsequently challenged for the leadership by Margaret Thatcher and lost.
- 1965-07-22 Edward Heath succeeds Alec Douglas-Home as leader of the British Conservative party
- 1970-06-18 Edward Heath's Conservative Party win the General Election in UK, replacing the Labour Party
- 1970-06-19 Conservatives led by Edward Heath win British parliamentary election
- 1970-06-20 British government of Edward Heath forms (with Margaret Thatcher in the Cabinet)
- 1971-03-16 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British PM Edward Heath to discuss the security situation in Northern Ireland
- 1971-09-06 British Prime Minister Edward Heath meets with Irish Prime Minister/Taoiseach Jack Lynch at Chequers in England to discuss the situation in Northern Ireland
- 1971-10-07 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Brian Faulkner meets with British Prime Minister Edward Heath; they agree to send an additional 1,500 British Army troops to Northern Ireland
- 1971-12-23 British Prime Minister Edward Heath visits Northern Ireland and expresses his determination to end the violence
- 1972-02-01 British Prime Minister Edward Heath announces the appointment of Lord Chief Justice Lord Widgery to undertake an inquiry into the 13 deaths on 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972)
- 1972-04-19 British Prime Minister Edward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance
- 1972-08-03 British premier Edward Heath proclaims emergency crisis due to dock strike
- 1972-11-16 British Prime Minister Edward Heath warns against a Unilateral Declaration of Independence
- 1972-11-24 Taoiseach Jack Lynch met with British Prime Minister Edward Heath in London to give Irish approval to Attlee's paper that said new arrangements should be 'acceptable to and accepted by the Republic of Ireland'
- 1974-02-07 UK Prime Minister Edward Heath calls for a 'snap' general election in the midst of a protracted miners' strike
- 1974-03-04 Harold Wilson replaces resigning Edward Heath as British premier
- 1974-12-22 Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb home of former UK Prime Minister, Edward Heath, just before announcing Christmas ceasefire
- 1975-02-11 Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for leadership of the British Conservative Party