On This Day

Edward III

King of England Edward III

Profession: King of England

Nationality:
England
English

Biography: King of England from February 1, 1327 until his death. Noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II.

He transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe; his reign also saw vital developments in legislation and government, in particular the evolution of the English parliament.

He is one of only six British monarchs to have ruled England or its successor kingdoms for more than fifty years.

Born: November 13, 1312
Birthplace: Windsor, Berkshire, England
Star Sign: Scorpio

Died: June 21, 1377 (aged 64)
Cause of Death: Stroke

Articles and Photos

Married Life

  • 1328-01-24 King Edward III of England (15) marries Philippa of Hainault (18) at York Minster, in York

Historical Events

  • 1327-01-25 King Edward III accedes to the English throne aged 14, after his mother Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer depose his father Edward II
  • 1327-02-01 Edward III is crowned King of England aged 14, though the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer
  • 1330-10-19 17-year-old English King Edward III captures his mother's lover and the country's de facto ruler Roger Mortimer at Nottingham Castle (later has him hanged)
  • 1336-08-12 English King Edward III ends wool export to Flanders
  • 1340-01-26 English king Edward III proclaimed king of France
  • 1344-04-23 Order of the Garter founded by English King Edward III, the most senior knighthood in the UK with just 24 living members plus the monarch (or 1348)
  • 1346-08-26 Battle of Crécy, south of Calais in northern France; Edward III's English longbows defeat Philip VI's army, cannons used for first time in battle
  • 1346-10-17 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years
  • 1348-04-23 The Order of Garter founded by English King Edward III, Britain's highest civic or military honor
  • 1350-08-29 Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships
  • 1363-01-19 English King Edward III introduces his Sumptuary Laws, restricting what people ate and wore to preserve social status (largely ignored)
  • 1377-07-16 Richard II aged 10 crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey, succeeding his grandfather Edward III

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