On This Day

Edward IV

King of England Edward IV
npg.org.uk

Profession: King of England

Nationality:
England
English

Why Famous: Edward IV was King of England during the period of English civil war known as the Wars of the Roses, fought between the Yorkist and Lancastrian factions.

Edward took the throne after defeating the Lancastrian forces and deposing King Henry VI in 1461. Eventually his advisor, the Earl of Warwick, turned on Edward; at which he fled to Flanders to gather strength and return.

He returned to England in 1471 and retook the throne after a series of successful battles.

Following this lengthy period of bloodshed, Edward subsequently reigned over a quiet decade only to die unexpectedly in 1483.

Born: April 28, 1442
Birthplace: Rouen, Normandy
Star Sign: Taurus

Died: April 9, 1483 (aged 40)
Cause of Death: Unknown causes

Historical Events

  • 1461-03-29 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Duke Edward of York defeats the Lancastrian army, deposes King Henry VI and Queen Margaret of Anjou and proclaims himself as King Edward IV
  • 1461-06-28 Edward IV crowned king of England
  • 1469-07-26 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Edgecote Moor - Pitting the forces of Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick against those of King Edward IV
  • 1471-04-11 Wars of the Roses: King Edward IV of England seizes London from Henry VI
  • 1471-05-04 Battle of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, final battle between the Houses of Lancaster and York: Prince of Wales, Edward of Westminster killed and King Edward IV restored to his throne. Re-restores political stability to England until his death in 1483.
  • 1471-05-21 King Edward IV enters London
  • 1478-02-18 George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London (allegedly by being drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine).
  • 1483-04-09 Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the "Princes in the Tower")
  • 1497-07-26 "Edward IV's son" Perkin Warbeck's army lands in Cork
  • 1499-11-23 Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV

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