Edwin Land

Scientist and Inventor Edwin Land
Edwin Land

Profession: Scientist and Inventor

United States of America

Biography: Co-founder of the Polaroid Corporation, his Polaroid instant camera, which went on sale in late 1948, made it possible for a picture to be taken and developed in 60 seconds or less.

He also invented inexpensive filters for polarizing light, a practical system of in-camera instant photography, and developed his retinex theory of color vision.

Born: May 7, 1909
Birthplace: Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA

Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Rooster
Star Sign: Taurus

Died: March 1, 1991 (aged 81)

Historical Events

  • 1947-02-21 1st instant developing camera demonstrated by Edwin Land at the Optical Society of America in NYC
  • 1948-11-26 1st Polaroid camera sold for $89.75 in Boston at the Jordan Marsh department store. The Land Camera model 95 becomes prototype for all Polaroid Land cameras for next 15 years
  • 1972-10-26 Edwin Land introduces the first truly instant camera the Polaroid SX-70 camera at an event in Miami, Florida