On This Day

Ferdinand Marcos

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos

Profession: 10th President of the Philippines


Biography: Ferdinand Marcos is remembered for running a corrupt and undemocratic government as the 10th President of the Philippines (1965-1986).

Marcos came to power in 1965 and was elected to a 2nd term in 1969. However in the face of public unrest he imposed martial law (1972 -1981).

In 1983 his longtime political opponent, Ninoy Aquino is assassinated and Marcos' government implicated. The country ignites in protests. This eventually leads to a snap elections in 1986, Marcos running against Corazon Aquino. The election is marred by widespread reports of violence and tampering of election results.

The so-called People's Power Revolution gained strength, eventually forcing Marcos and his government to capitulate. Marcos is forced to flee to Hawaii where he dies in 1989.

In the 2004 Global Transparency Report, Marcos appeared in the list of the World's Most Corrupt Leaders. He was said to have amassed between $5 billion to $10 billion in his 21 years as President.

His equally famous wife Imelda Marcos later returned to the Philippines and to politics.

Born: September 11, 1917
Birthplace: Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Philippines

Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Snake
Star Sign: Virgo

Died: September 28, 1989 (aged 72)
Cause of Death: Heart, lung and kidney disease

Married Life

  • 1954-05-01 Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos (36) weds Imelda Romualdez (24) in a Catholic church

Historical Events

  • 1965-11-12 Ferdinand Marcos elected 10th President of Philippines
  • 1965-12-30 Ferdinand Marcos inaugurated as President of the Philippines
  • 1972-09-21 Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos declares martial law in the Philippines (not publicly announced until 23rd Sep)
  • 1972-09-23 Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos announces state of emergency and declares martial law
  • 1981-01-17 President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos ends martial law
  • 1986-02-05 Corazon Aquino & Ferdinand Marcos appear on "Nightline"
  • 1986-02-07 Corazon Aquino defeats incumbent Filipino dictator Ferdinand Marcos but fraudulent returns gave the election to Marcos
  • 1986-02-15 Ferdinand Marcos wins rigged presidential election in the Philippines
  • 1986-02-15 Philippines National Assembly authorizes 6 more years for Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1986-02-25 Corazon Aquino becomes President of the Philippines; dictator Ferdinand Marcos flees the country
  • 2010-09-09 A court in the Philippines orders Imelda Marcos to repay the government almost $280,000 for funds taken from the National Food Authority by Ferdinand Marcos in 1983

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