Francis I of France

King Francis I of France Full Name: Francis I of France
Nationality:

French

Profession: King
Why Famous: Francis I was the first king from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois. As a humanist and Renaissance King Francis encouraged the arts. He providing Leonardo da Vinci with a pension and acquiring the Mona Lisa.

His reign was dominated by conflict; primarily with the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and especially after Charles inherited territories that effectively surrounded France. To counter this Francis tried tried an ultimately unsuccessful alliance with English King Henry VIII at their famous Cloth of Gold meeting.

At the Battle of Pavia in 1525 Francis was captured by he forces of Charles V and forced to give up territorial claims, two of his sons taken hostage.

To counter this Francis became the first Christian King to forge an alliance with an Ottoman Sultan when he reached an understanding with Suleiman the Magnificent.

Born: September 12, 1494
Star Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Cognac, France

Died: March 31, 1547 (aged 52)
Cause of Death: It is said that "he died complaining about the weight of a crown that he had first perceived as a gift from God"

Married Life

  • 1514-05-18 Francis, Duke of Valois, later Francis I marries Claude, Duchess of Brittany

Historical Events in the Life of Francis I of France

  • 1515-01-01 Francis, Duke of Angouleme succeeds King Louis XII as Francis I of France
  • 1526-01-14 Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders
  • 1527-04-30 Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France signed the Treaty of Westminster, pledging to combine their forces against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in an attempt to win the War of the League of Cognac
  • 1541-01-15 King Francis I of France commissions Jean-Francois Roberval to settle the province of New France
  • 1544-09-18 Peace of Crépy signed by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V & French King Francis I ending the Fourth Hapsburg-Valois War

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