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Gamal Abdel Nasser

President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser

Full Name: Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein
Profession: President of Egypt

Nationality:
Egypt
Egyptian

Biography: Nasser led a 1952 overthrow of the Egyptian monarch, after which he was involved the government of President Mohammed Naguib. In 1954, however, after an attempt on his life, Nasser assumed office after placing President Naguib under house arrest. Then in 1956, he was formally elected as the second president of Egypt—a position he would hold until his death in 1970.

Nasser is perhaps best known for his role in nationalizing the Suez Canal. Israel, the United Kingdom, and France all invaded in response; but external pressure led them to back down, at which Nasser was a hero in the Arab world for humiliating these powers.

His greatest setback came with Egypt's defeat by Israel in the Six-Day War of 1967, after which Nasser resigned; only to be called back to office upon a surge of popular support.

Ultimately Nasser was and still remains for many a key symbol of Arabic nationalism, modernisation, and anti-imperialism. Indeed, this was how Nasser understood his own role, as the 1952 coup d'état was inspired by Tawfiq al-Hakim's novel, in which Egypt needed a "man in whom all their feelings and desires will be represented, and who will be for them a symbol of their objective."

Born: January 15, 1918
Birthplace: Bakos, Alexandria, Egypt

Generation: Greatest Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Snake
Star Sign: Capricorn

Died: September 28, 1970 (aged 52)
Cause of Death: Heart attack

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Historical Events

  • 1954-04-18 Egyptian Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser seizes power and appoints himself Prime Minister
  • 1954-10-29 Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser disbands the Muslim Brotherhood
  • 1956-01-16 Egyptian President Nasser pledges to reconquer Palestine
  • 1956-06-23 Gamal Abdel Nasser elected President of Egypt
  • 1956-07-26 Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announces plan to nationalize Suez Canal, initiating the "Suez Crisis"
  • 1962-03-09 Egyptian President Nasser declares Gaza belongs to Palestinians
  • 1967-05-22 Egyptian President Nasser closes the Straits of Tiran to Israel
  • 1970-09-28 Anwar Sadat replaces the late Gamal Abdel Nasser as acting Egyptian President; elected president in October 1970
  • 1970-10-15 Anwar Sadat elected 3rd President of Egypt, succeeding the late Gamal Abdel Nasser

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