Profession: Chess Grandmaster and Political Activist
Why Famous: Considered by many to be the greatest chess player of all time, Kasparov was ranked no. 1 for 225 out of 228 months from 1986 until his retirement in 2005. His rating of 2851 was the highest ever recorded until surpassed by Magnus Carlsen in 2013.
After his chess career Kasparov became a noted political activist, specifically in opposition to the policies of Vladimir Putin. He is a member of The Other Russia organization and founded the United Civil Front movement. He attempted to run in the 2008 presidential election but was unable to register as a result of what he believes to be politically motivated obstruction.
- 1985-02-15 World chess championship match abandoned with Anatoly Karpov 25 leading Gary Kasparov 23
- 1985-11-09 Garry Kasparov becomes the youngest ever world chess champion (22), with a 13-11 win over fellow Russian Anatoly Karpov
- 1990-12-26 Garry Kasparov defeats fellow Russian Anatoly Karpov to retain the world chess championship
- 1993-10-21 Gary Kasparov defeats Nigel Short for chess championship
- 1994-08-31 Pentium computer beats world chess champ Garry Kasparov
- 1996-02-10 IBM computer Deep Blue becomes the first computer to win a game of chess against a reigning (human) chess champion, Gary Kasparov
- 1996-02-17 Garry Kasparov defeats Deep Blue 4-2 in chess
- 1997-05-03 Garry Kasparov begins chess match with IBM supercomputer Deep Blue
- 1997-05-11 Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov 3.5-2.5 in chess
- 2012-12-10 Norwegian Magnus Carlsen breaks Garry Kasparov’s 13-year Elo rating record
- 2013-01-01 Magnus Carlsen breaks Garry Kasparov's chess FIDE rating, reaching 2,861
- "Question the status quo at all times, especially when things are going well."