Profession: King of Great Britain and Ireland
Why Famous: Born and raised in northern Germany, George was the last British monarch born outside of the United Kingdom. His father inherited the throne after the Acts of Settlement restricted closer Catholic relations of the British monarch from assuming the throne.
George had little control over British policy as he preferred to spend time in Hanover, where he was also the Elector, and where he exercised a great deal of influence over affairs. In the War of the Austrian Succession, he became the last monarch to lead British troops into battle at the Battle of Dettingen.
- 1730-12-03 Colley Cibber is appointed British Poet Laureate under King George II
- 1739-07-10 King George II authorises the Admiralty Board to seek maritime reprisals against Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)
- 1743-06-27 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.
- 1746-02-10 The Pelham brothers resign from the British government, but resume office when King George II backs down.
- 1749-05-19 George II grants charter to Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley
- 1757-04-06 British King George II dismisses minister William Pitt the Elder, Secretary of State for the Southern Department