George Washington

First US President George Washington

Profession: First US President

United States of America

Political Party: None
Political Titles: Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army

Presidential Term: April 30, 1789 - March 4, 1797
Succeeded By: John Adams

Biography: Often titled the “father of the country”, Washington served as Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution and became the first President of the United States.

At the age of 20, Washington joined the colonial Virginia militia in the first stages of the French and Indian War, rising through the ranks to brigadier general in 1758. He retired from the military, and resumed his career as land surveyor, gentleman farmer, and politician. He became a leading opponent of British colonial oppression.

In 1775, the Second Continental Congress made him commander-in-chief in the Revolution. In this position Washington is praised for his selection and supervision of his generals; preservation and command of the army; coordination with the Congress, state governors, and their militia; and attention to supplies, logistics, and training.

After the Revolution, he resigned as commander-in-chief to prove his commitment to American republicanism. He was chosen to lead the Constitutional Convention to decide the new government's form and was then elected its first President.

Washington's term in office saw the creation of a number of fundamental institutions and conventions that helped build the fledgling state. This included supporting Alexander Hamilton's creation of a national bank, and the introduction of the cabinet system.

He refused to govern for a third term and retired to his home in Mount Vernon, where he died in 1799.

Born: February 22, 1732
Birthplace: Westmoreland, Virginia, USA
Star Sign: Pisces

Died: December 14, 1799 (aged 67)
Cause of Death: Possibly epiglottitis which caused hypovolemic shock

Articles and Photos

Married Life

  • 1759-01-06 US 1st President George Washington marries Martha Dandridge Custis at White House Plantation

Historical Events

  • 1753-08-04 George Washington becomes a master mason
  • 1754-05-28 Battle of Jumonville Glen: forces led by George Washington kill French Canadian officer Joseph Coulon de Jumonville
  • 1754-07-03 George Washington surrenders to French, Fort Necessity (7 Years' War)
  • 1754-07-04 George Washington gives Fort Necessity to France
  • 1758-07-24 George Washington elected to Virginia House of Burgesses representing Frederick County
  • 1775-05-10 Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia names George Washington Supreme Commander
  • 1775-06-15 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, the day after Congress establishes the force
  • 1776-01-01 General George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag
  • 1776-03-25 Continental Congress authorizes a medal for George Washington
  • 1776-04-03 George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College
  • 1776-09-10 George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers
  • 1776-10-28 Battle of White Plains: George Washington retreats to New Jersey
  • 1776-12-08 George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ
  • 1776-12-25 American Revolutionary War: George Washington crosses Delaware River into New Jersey, surprises and defeats 1,400 Hessians
  • 1776-12-26 American Revolutionary War: George Washington leads US troops in defeat Hessians at Battle of Trenton, New Jersey
  • 1777-01-03 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey
  • 1777-09-11 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington
  • 1777-09-15 George Washington, on authorization of Congress, appoints Casimir Pulaski as brigadier general in Continental Army cavalry
  • 1777-10-04 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • 1778-03-02 Nathanael Greene is appointed Quartermaster General of the Continental Army under George Washington
  • 1778-05-05 George Washington appoints Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben Inspector General of the Continental Army
  • 1780-01-04 Snowstorm hits George Washington's army at Morristown, New Jersey
  • 1781-08-20 George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis
  • 1781-10-09 Americans under George Washington and the French under Comte de Rochambeau begin bombardment of Yorktown, the last battle of American Revolutionary War
  • 1781-10-19 British forces under General Charles Cornwallis sign terms of surrender to George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown at 2 pm, ending the US Revolutionary War
  • 1782-08-02 George Washington creates Honorary Badge of Distinction
  • 1782-08-07 George Washington creates the Purple Heart medal (original name Badge of Military Merit) as commander of the Continental Army
  • 1783-03-15 In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'etat never takes place.
  • 1783-04-18 American Revolution: George Washington issues General Order announcing the end of hostilities with Britain, giving thanks to the Almighty, and offering congratulations and authorizing an extra ration of alcohol to the troops to celebrate
  • 1783-11-02 General George Washington, later 1st US President, bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War
  • 1783-11-03 George Washington orders Continental Army disbanded
  • 1783-12-23 US General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Army to Congress
  • 1787-05-25 Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding
  • 1789-02-04 1st US electoral college chooses George Washington as President and John Adams as Vice President
  • 1789-04-04 1st US Congress begins regular sessions during George Washington's presidency at Federal Hall, NYC (ending 1791)
  • 1789-04-16 George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration
  • 1789-04-23 President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York
  • 1789-04-30 George Washington is inaugurated as the first President of the United States of America
  • 1789-05-07 First US Presidential inaugural ball (for George Washington in NYC)
  • 1789-10-02 George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification
  • 1789-10-15 1st US presidential tour by George Washington in New England
  • 1790-01-08 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address
  • 1791-11-26 1st US cabinet meeting, held at George Washington's home in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of War Henry Knox, and Attorney General Edmund Randolph attend.
  • 1792-04-05 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto
  • 1792-12-05 George Washington re-elected as US President
  • 1793-09-18 US President George Washington lays the cornerstone of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
  • 1796-09-19 George Washington's farewell address as US President is published
  • 1799-12-18 George Washington's body interred at Mount Vernon
  • 1799-12-26 George Washington is eulogized by Colonel Henry Lee as "1st in war, 1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen"

Biographies and Sources

Famous US Presidents