Full Name: Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric Cuvier
Profession: Naturalist and Zoologist
Why Famous: As the founder of vertebrate paleontology, for his theories on extinction, as a leading proponent of catastrophism and stratigraphy in geology, and as a vocal opponent to evolution.
He established extinctions as a fact that any future scientific theory of life had to explain at a time when few people believed that extinctions had ever occurred.
- 1830-02-15 Beginning of the famous debate between French naturalists Georges Cuvier and Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire on animal structure