On This Day

Gerhart Hauptmann

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann

Profession: Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate


Biography: Gerhart Hauptmann was the most notable German dramatist of the early 20th century and is credited with bringing a new naturalism to the German stage.

Hauptmann wrote his first play "Before Sunrise" (Vor Sonnenaufgang) aged 27 and its shocking new naturalism created a scandal and made his name on its debut on the Berlin stage in 1889.

Other more famous dramas followed including "The Weavers" (1892) and "The Rats" (1911). His dramas often included realistic social issues such as poverty and the effects of societal restrictions placed on peoples lives. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1912.

Born: November 15, 1862
Birthplace: Salzbrunn, Prussia (now Germany)
Star Sign: Scorpio

Died: June 6, 1946 (aged 83)

Married Life

  • 1885-05-05 Author Gerhart Hauptmann (22) weds Marie Thienemann

Historical Events

  • 1889-10-20 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Vor Sonnenaufgang" (Before Dawn) premieres in Berlin to a scandalous reception
  • 1893-11-14 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Hanneles Himmelfahrt" premieres in Berlin
  • 1896-12-02 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin
  • 1898-11-05 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Fuhrmann Henschel" premieres in Berlin
  • 1900-01-03 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin
  • 1900-12-21 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Michael Kramer" premieres in Berlin
  • 1901-11-27 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der rote Hahn" premieres in Berlin
  • 1902-11-29 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der arme Heinrich" premieres in Vienna
  • 1905-03-04 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Elga" premieres in Berlin
  • 1906-01-19 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Und Pippa Tanzt!" premieres in Berlin
  • 1909-03-06 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Griselda" premieres in Vienna
  • 1911-01-13 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Die Ratten" (The Rats) premieres in Berlin
  • 1914-01-17 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der Bogen des Odysseus" premieres in Berlin