Profession: British Prime Minister
Why Famous: Brown served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 until 2010. Prior to assuming this position, he was Chancellor of the Exchequer in the government of Tony Blair.
In his term as Chancellor, Brown undertook major monetary reforms in the UK. He transferred interest rate setting powers to the Bank of England by wide extension of the powers of the Treasury to cover much domestic policy and by transferring responsibility for banking supervision to the Financial Services Authority.
Blair succeeded Tony Blair in 2007 after the latter's resignation. Blair served only three years in office. During his term the Great Recession led to a collapse in support for his government and bad results in local and European Parliament elections. In the 2010 general election a hung parliament occurred and Brown resigned as leader of the Labour Party and as Prime Minister; he was succeeded by David Cameron.
During the Scottish independence referendum, Brown played a crucial part in galvanizing support behind remaining in the Union.
- 2000-08-03 British PM Gordon Brown (49) weds Sarah Jane Macaulay (36) in North Queensferry, Fife
- 2007-06-27 Gordon Brown becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom