Profession: General and President of Syria
Why Famous: Became the undisputed ruler of Syria from 1971 until his death in 2000. Ordered the 1982 crackdown in the town of Hama that killed thousands, during an Islamic uprising.
Instituting a massive cult of personality, he declared his son, Bashar, his successor, who took the reigns after his death in 2000.
- 1969-02-27 General Hafez al-Assad becomes head of Syria via military coup
- 1970-11-21 General Hafez al-Assad becomes Prime Minister of Syria following military coup
- 1971-03-12 Hafez al-Assad elected President of Syria
- 1971-08-12 Syrian President Hafez al-Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan