On This Day

Hafez al-Assad

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad

Profession: General and President of Syria


Biography: Became the undisputed ruler of Syria from 1971 until his death in 2000. Ordered the 1982 crackdown in the town of Hama that killed thousands, during an Islamic uprising.

Instituting a massive cult of personality, he declared his son, Bashar, his successor, who took the reigns after his death in 2000.

Born: October 6, 1930
Birthplace: Qardaha, Alawite State, Syria

Generation: Silent Generation
Chinese Zodiac: Horse
Star Sign: Libra

Died: June 10, 2000 (aged 69)
Cause of Death: Heart attack

Historical Events

  • 1969-02-27 General Hafez al-Assad becomes head of Syria via military coup
  • 1970-11-21 General Hafez al-Assad becomes Prime Minister of Syria following military coup
  • 1971-03-12 Hafez al-Assad consolidates power in Syria by installing himself as President
  • 1971-08-12 Syrian President Hafez al-Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan

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