Profession: Political Theorist
Why Famous: The political theorist and philosopher Hannah Arendt was born in Germany. At university she was both taught by the philosopher Martin Heidegger and had an affair with him. Arendt was jewish and during WWII fled the Nazi regime, eventually moving to America in 1941.
Arendt established her reputation as a political theorist with the publication of "The Origins of Totalitarianism" in 1951, "The Human Condition" followed in 1958.
Arendt's 1963 work "Eichmann in Jerusalem" a report of the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann in 1961 was controversial for characterizing Eichmann as "thoughtless" rather than evil. In this work she famously coined the phrase "the banality of evil".
- 1963-02-16 Philosopher Hannah Arendt's controversial account of the trial of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann is first published in "The New Yorker"