Full Name: Heinz Kissinger
Profession: US Secretary of State and Political Scientist
Why Famous: Born into a German Jewish family, Henry Kissinger fled Germany with his family in 1938 for the US.
Kissinger served as a National Security Advisor from 1969, then as US Secretary of State (1973-77) under both presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. During this period Kissinger played a major role in directing US foreign policy, his pragmatic approach labelled 'realpolitik'. He practised a policy of détente with the Soviet Union and made the first official contact with Communist China.
Kissinger was controversially awarded the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating a ceasefire during the Vietnam War.
Kissinger is the founder and chairman of geopolitical consulting firm Kissinger Associates. He is also the author of a number of influential works on foreign policy, published both during and after his time in office.
- 1949-02-06 Diplomat Henry Kissinger (25) weds Ann Fleisher (23) in Washington Heights, Manhattan
- 1961-02-28 JFK names Henry Kissinger special advisor
- 1968-12-02 US President Richard Nixon names Henry Kissinger security advisor
- 1971-01-12 US Federal grand jury indicts Rev Philip Berrigan & 5 others, including a nun & 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger
- 1971-07-09 Henry Kissinger visits the People's Republic of China to negotiate a detente between the US and China
- 1972-10-26 Henry Kissinger declares "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam
- 1973-02-17 US National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger meets Chinese leader Mao Zedong, where the latter jokingly offers to send 10 million Chinese women to the United States
- 1973-09-22 Henry Kissinger sworn in as America's 1st Jewish Secretary of State, succeeds William Rogers
- 1973-10-16 Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho controversially awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam that later failed
- 1974-02-11 Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan to make the U.S. energy independent
- 1975-01-13 Henry Kissinger hints at military action against oil countries in case of "actual strangulation of the industrialized world" in the wake of oil shock