Profession: 31st US President
Political Party: Republican Political Titles: United States Secretary of Commerce
Why Famous: Previously serving as the Secretary of Commerce and the Director of the US Food Administration, Hoover was elected President in 1928 and was inaugurated in March 1929.
Less than eight months after he took office, the Wall Street Crash of 1929 precipitated the Great Depression around the world. Hoover's presidency is thus most associated with this event. He attempted to combat the declining economy with mass public construction projects, including the Hoover Dam.
Hoover raised taxes and reluctantly imposed tariffs during the Depression. As unemployment reached 25%, and the public disagreed with his stringent pro-Prohibition stance, Hoover lost substantial popular support and lost the 1932 election to Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt.
After leaving office, Hoover had the longest retirement of any President - 31 years - until Jimmy Carter surpassed his record in 2012. After World War II he produced reports which changed US occupation policy in Germany, at the behest of Harry Truman, and also chaired the Hoover Commission, which recommended changes in the organization of the federal government.
- 1899-02-10 Future US President Herbert Hoover (24) marries college sweetheart Lou Henry (24) in Monterey California
- 1918-01-26 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort
- 1919-01-03 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe
- 1922-02-27 US Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover convenes 1st National Radio Conference
- 1928-06-14 Republican National Convention, meeting in Kansas City, nominates Herbert Hoover for President
- 1928-10-22 Herbert Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"
- 1928-11-06 Republican candidate Herbert Hoover is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate Al Smith
- 1928-12-11 Buenos Aires police thwart an attempt on President-elect Herbert Hoover
- 1929-03-04 Herbert Hoover inaugurated as 31st US President
- 1929-03-23 1st telephone installed at the President’s desk under the Hoover administration at the White House
- 1929-06-25 US President Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)
- 1929-07-24 US President Herbert Hoover proclaims Kellogg-Briand Pact which renounces war
- 1930-07-07 Construction begins on Boulder (Hoover) Dam
- 1931-07-01 US President Herbert Hoover places a one year moratorium on war debt payments
- 1932-04-19 President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week
- 1932-06-16 US President Herbert Hoover and Vice President Charles Curtis renominated by Republican Convention
- 1932-07-15 US President Herbert Hoover cuts own salary 15%
- 1932-07-28 US President Herbert Hoover uses federal troops to evict the Bonus Army (WWI veterans and their families) from their encampment, 4 die
- 1932-11-08 Amidst the Great Depression, Democrat candidate Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican incumbent Herbert Hoover
- 1935-09-30 The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated by FDR
- 1936-09-07 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation
- 1936-09-11 FDR dedicates Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam
- 1936-10-09 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to Los Angeles
- "Blessed are the young, for they shall inherit the national debt."