Profession: Philosopher and Intellectual
Why Famous: Once described as the 'single most famous European intellectual in the closing decades of the nineteenth century', Spencer was a classic liberal philosopher who advocated evolutionism of societies, the mind and culture.
He is perhaps most famous for coining the phrase 'survival of the fittest', which he coined after reading Charles Darwin's 'On the Origin of the Species'.
- "There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which is proof against all arguments and which cannot fail to keep a man in everlasting ignorance - that principle is contempt prior to investigation."
- "Opinion is ultimately determined by the feelings, and not by the intellect."