Full Name: Quintus Horatius Flaccus
Profession: Roman Poet
Biography: Leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus. Horace originally fought on the losing Republican side at the Battles of Philippi in 42 BC.
Later he gained the patronage of Octavian's (later Emperor Augustus) lieutenant Maecenas and is thought to have accompanied him at the battle of Actium in 31 BC. His patronage led to the gift of his famous Sabine farm, now known to have been located near Licenza in Italy. This enabled Horace to devote more time to poetry and he became the most prominent poet of the early Empire under Augustus.
- 0042-10-23 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.
- 0042-10-03 BC First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.
- 0031-09-02 BC Battle of Actium: decisive naval battle that effectively ends the Roman Republic. Octavian's forces defeat those under Mark Antony and Cleopatra off the western coast of Greece.