Horatio Kitchener

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener Full Name: Horatio Kitchener [Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener]
Nationality:

British

Profession: General and Secretary of War
Why Famous: Known in popular culture as the face of the Lord Kitchener Wants You recruitment posters during World War I, Kitchener first gained notoriety for his brutal efforts during the Second Boer War.

During World War I he was appointed Secretary of War. He died aboard the HMS Hampshire when it struck a German mine in 1916.

Born: June 24, 1850
Star Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland

Died: June 5, 1916 (aged 65)
Cause of Death: Drowned after the HMS Hampshire struck a German mine west of the Orkney Islands, Scotland while on his way to Russia for negotiations

Historical Events in the Life of Horatio Kitchener

  • 1896-09-21 British General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan
  • 1897-08-31 British General Kitchener's army occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
  • 1898-09-01 Lord Kitchener's troops attack Omdurman, Sudan
  • 1898-09-02 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
  • 1898-09-06 Lord Kitchener destroys Mahdi's tomb in Omdurman
  • 1898-09-10 Lord Kitchener's ships sails from Kartoum to Fashoda
  • 1898-09-18 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan
  • 1900-01-10 Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
  • 1900-11-29 General Horatio Kitchener assumes command of the British forces in South Africa from General Lord Roberts
  • 1900-12-19 General Horatio Kitchener offers protections to all Boers who will surrender and asks the Dutch community of Pretoria to convey this offer, leaders in the field refuse to surrender
  • 1901-02-26 British general Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers
  • 1912-02-27 Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
  • 1914-08-04 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany
  • 1914-08-07 Lord Kitchener says "Your country needs you" poster spreads over UK
  • 1914-09-01 Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris

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