On This Day

Horatio Kitchener

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener

Full Name: Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener
Profession: General and Secretary of War

United Kingdom

Biography: Known in popular culture as the face of the Lord Kitchener Wants You recruitment posters during World War I, Kitchener first gained notoriety for his brutal efforts during the Second Boer War.

During World War I he was appointed Secretary of War. He died aboard the HMS Hampshire when it struck a German mine in 1916.

Born: June 24, 1850
Birthplace: Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland
Star Sign: Cancer

Died: June 5, 1916 (aged 65)
Cause of Death: Drowned after the HMS Hampshire struck a German mine west of the Orkney Islands, Scotland while on his way to Russia for negotiations

Historical Events

  • 1896-09-21 British General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan
  • 1897-08-31 British General Kitchener's army occupies Berber, North of Khartoum
  • 1898-09-01 Lord Kitchener's troops attack Omdurman, Sudan
  • 1898-09-02 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
  • 1898-09-06 Lord Kitchener destroys Mahdi's tomb in Omdurman
  • 1898-09-10 Lord Kitchener's ships sails from Khartoum to Fashoda in Sudan
  • 1898-09-18 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan
  • 1900-01-10 Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
  • 1900-11-29 General Horatio Kitchener assumes command of the British forces in South Africa from General Lord Roberts
  • 1900-12-19 General Horatio Kitchener offers protections to all Boers who will surrender and asks the Dutch community of Pretoria to convey this offer, leaders in the field refuse to surrender
  • 1901-02-26 British general Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers
  • 1912-02-27 Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
  • 1914-08-04 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany
  • 1914-09-01 Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris
  • 1914-09-14 Lord Kitchener: "Your country needs you" appears as front cover design for the London Opinion magazine

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