Why Famous: Irene Joliot-Curie, the daughter of Marie and Pierre Curie became an eminent chemist in her own right. In 1935, along with her husband Frédéric Joliot-Curie she received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the discovery of artificial radioactivity.
During World War I Joliot-Curie served with her mother as a radiographer in field hospitals before earning earning her doctorate after the war.
Working with her husband, the chemist Frédéric Joliot-Curie they carried out important research on atomic nuclei and natural and artificial radiology.
Joliot-Curie's exposure to dangerous substances eventually overcame her and she died of leukemia from its effects aged 59.
- 1926-10-04 Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie (29) weds physicist Frédéric Joliot (26) in Paris, France