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J. J. Thomson

Physicist J. J. Thomson

Full Name: Joseph John Thomson
Profession: Physicist


Biography: J. J. Thomson was awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of electron. In 1897 he was the first to suggest the subatomic particle (electron) though this study of the properties of cathode rays.

Thomson was also a remarkable teacher and headed up the famous Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge University. Six of his research students won Nobel Prizes in Physics (Charles Glover Barkla, Niels Bohr, Max Born, William Henry Bragg, Owen Willans Richardson and Charles Thomson Rees Wilson) and two won Nobel Prizes for Chemistry (Ernest Rutherford and Francis William Aston).

Thomson's son also became a Nobel Prize winner, George Paget Thomson won in 1937 for work also on Electrons.

Born: December 18, 1856
Birthplace: Manchester, England
Star Sign: Sagittarius

Died: August 30, 1940 (aged 83)

Married Life

  • 1890-01-02 Physicist J. J. Thomson (33) weds Rose Elisabeth Paget

Historical Events

  • 1897-04-30 English physicist and head of the Cavendish laboratory J. J. Thomson announces his discovery of the electron in a lecture to the Royal Institution

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